Fire pump regulations, according to different classification methods are divided into different types, with its full seal, no leakage, corrosion resistance characteristics, the pump type are similar, but the head and flow rate are different. The selection basis of the fire pump should be based on the selection and application should be consistent with the provisions, the main material should meet the requirements, axial flow deep well pump and should meet the requirements, do not set a spare pump building, pump room flow and pressure testing device should meet the requirements, Water absorption should comply with regulations, centrifugal fire pump suction pipe, outlet pipe and valves, etc. should meet the requirements, when there are two fire water supply and allow the fire pump to directly absorb water should meet the requirements, the pressure gauge should meet the requirements, etc. to be considered in nine aspects . The performance and technical conditions of the fire pumps produced by the Atlantic Pumps comply with the requirements of the Standard for Performance and Test Methods for Fire Pumps.
Keywords: fire pump regulations, fire pumps First, the selection and application should meet the requirements 1. Fire pump performance should meet the fire water supply system required flow and pressure requirements;
2. The power of the driver for the fire pump shall meet the requirements for the power required for operation at any point on the selected pump's head lift performance curve;
3. When using a motor-driven fire pump, dry-installed fire pumps should be selected;
4. The flow head performance curve should be a smooth curve with no hump and no inflection point. The pressure at zero flow should not exceed 140% of the design working pressure, and should be greater than 120% of the design work pressure;
5. When the outflow is 150% of the design flow, the outlet pressure should not be less than 65% of the design working pressure;
6. The sealing method and material of the pump shaft should meet the requirements of the fire pump running at low flow;
7. The type of fire pump for the same pump set of fire water supply should be consistent, and the working pump should not exceed 3 sets;
8. When multiple fire pumps are connected in parallel, the impact of superimposed flow on the outlet pressure of the fire pump should be checked.
Second, the main material should meet the requirements 1. The pump housing should be ductile iron;
2. The impeller should be bronze or stainless steel.
When diesel engine fire pump is used, it shall meet the requirements. 1. Diesel engine fire pump should adopt compression-type ignition diesel engine;
2. The diesel engine's rated power should check the impact of altitude and ambient temperature on the diesel engine power;
3. Diesel engine fire pump should have the performance of continuous work, the test run time should not be less than 24h;
4. The battery of the diesel fire pump should ensure that the fire pump automatically starts the pump at any time;
5. The fuel tank of the diesel engine fire pump shall be determined according to the fire duration, and the minimum effective volume of the fuel tank shall be configured according to 1.5L/KW. The fuel stored in the fuel tank of the diesel engine shall not be less than 50% of the reserve.
Axial deep well pumps should be installed on wells, fire pools, and other firewater sources.
3. Axial-flow deep-well pumps should meet the requirements 1. Axial-flow deep-well pumps should be installed in wells, and their submerged depth should meet the requirements for reliable operation. When the pump discharge flow is 150% of design flow, the minimum inundation depth should be The first pump impeller is not less than 3.20m above the water level at the bottom of the impeller, and for every additional 300m above sea level, the minimum submerged depth of the deep well pump shall be increased by at least 0.30m;
2. When the axial deep well pump is installed on fire water sources such as fire pools, the bottom of the first pump impeller should be lower than the lowest effective water level of the fire pool, and the inundation depth should be calculated and determined according to the hydraulic conditions, and the fire pool should be met. Such requirements as the effective water storage capacity or effective water level energy of fire-fighting water sources shall be fully utilized; when the design flow rate of the water pump is greater than 125L/S, the submergence depth shall be determined according to the performance of the water pump, and the requirements for the cavitation corrosion margin of the water pump shall be satisfied;
3. When the minimum water level of the fire-fighting pool is lower than the center line of the centrifugal pump outlet pipe or the water source water level can not guarantee that the centrifugal pump absorbs water, an axial-flow deep well pump can be used, and the wet-type deep-pit installation method should be adopted to install fire-fighting pools and other fire water sources;
4. When the axial flow deep well pump motor is set in the open air, it should have rain protection function;
5. Others shall comply with the relevant provisions of the current national standard "Design Code for Outdoor Water Supply" GB50013.
The fire pump should be equipped with a spare pump, whose performance should be consistent with the working pump.
(4) Construction without spare pump 1. Buildings with a building height of less than 54m and outdoor firefighting water supply design flow equal to or less than 25L/S (WeChat public number: pump manager);
2. The indoor fire-fighting water supply has a design flow of 10L/s or less.
A group of fire pumps shall be provided with flow and pressure testing devices in the fire pump room.
The pump flow rate and pressure test device should meet the requirements 1. When the flow rate of a single fire pump is not more than 20L/S, and the design working pressure is not more than 0.50MPa, the pump group should reserve the measurement flowmeter and pressure gauge interface, and other pumps. The group should set the pump group flow and pressure test device;
2. The measurement accuracy of the Atlantic pump fire-fighting pump flow detection device shall be 0.4, and 75% of the maximum head shall be greater than 175% of the maximum design flow rate of a fire pump;
3. The measurement accuracy of the fire pump pressure detection device shall be 0.5, and 75% of the maximum head shall be greater than 165% of the maximum design pressure of a fire pump;
4. The test pipe of DN65 shall be installed on the outlet pipe of each fire pump, and drainage measures shall be taken.
Fifth, water absorption should meet the requirements 1. The fire pump should be self-irrigation;
2. When the fire pump is pumping water directly from the municipal pipe network, a backflow preventer with air separation shall be provided on the fire pump outlet pipe.
3. When there is no suction well at the suction outlet, a swirl flow preventer should be installed at the suction outlet.
6. Centrifugal fire pump suction pipes, outlet pipes and valves shall comply with the requirements 1. A group of fire pumps, suction pipes should not be less than two, when one of the damage or repair, the remaining suction pipe should still be able to pass all the fire Water supply design flow;
2. Fire pump suction pipe arrangement should avoid the formation of air bags;
3. A group of fire pumps shall be provided with not less than two water mains connected to the fire-fighting water supply ring network. When one of the water supply pipes is inspected and repaired, the other water-transporting pipes shall still be capable of passing through all fire-fighting water supply design flows;
4. The inundation depth of the suction port of the pump of the Atlantic pump shall meet the requirements for safe operation of the fire pump at the lowest water level. The inundation depth of the bell mouth of the suction pipe at the lowest effective water level of the fire basin shall be determined according to the water flow speed and hydraulic conditions of the horn of the suction pipe. However, it should not be less than 600mm. When using a swirl flow preventer, the inundation depth should not be less than 200mm;
5. The fire pump suction pipe should be set on open-rod valve or butterfly valve with self-locking device, but when setting the dark rod valve should be set with open scale and signs; when the pipe diameter exceeds DN300, should set the electric valve;
6. The fire pump outlet pipe should be set on the check valve, open-rod valve; when using the butterfly valve, it should have a self-locking device; when the pipe diameter exceeds DN300, should set the electric valve;
7. When the diameter of fire pump suction pipe is less than DN250, the flow rate should be 1.0m/s~1.2m/s; when the diameter is greater than DN250, it should be 1.2m/s~1.6m/s;
8. When the diameter of the fire pump outlet pipe is less than DN250, the flow rate should be 1.5m/s~2.0m/s; when the diameter is greater than DN250, it should be 2.0m/s~2.5m/s;
9. The arrangement of the suction wells should meet the requirements of the flow in the well, the flow velocity is uniform, there is no vortex, and it should be easy to install;
10. When fire-fighting pump suction pipes and outlet pipes cross the outer wall, waterproof casing shall be used; when passing through walls and floors, the requirements of paragraph 5 of Article 12.3.19 of this Code shall be met;
11. When the suction pipe of the fire pump passes through the fire-fighting tank, the flexible sleeve should be used; when the rigid waterproof sleeve is adopted, the flexible joint should be set on the suction pipe of the pump, and the pipe diameter should not exceed DN150.
7. When there are two fire-fighting water supplies and the fire pump is allowed to directly absorb water, it shall meet the requirements 1. Each fire-fighting water supply shall meet the design flow rate of the fire-fighting water supply and other water that must be guaranteed during the fire;
2. The pressure of the outdoor water supply pipe network during a fire should not be less than 0.10 MPa from the ground;
3. The head of the fire pump should be calculated according to the minimum water pressure of the outdoor water supply pipe network, and the working pressure of the fire pump should be checked against the maximum water pressure of the outdoor water supply.
8. The pressure gauge shall comply with the requirements 1. The maximum range of the fire pump outlet pressure gauge shall not be less than 2 times its design working pressure, and shall not be less than 1.60 MPa;
2. The vacuum pump, pressure gauge or vacuum pressure gauge of the Atlantic pump fire pump suction pipe should be set. The maximum range of the pressure gauge should be determined according to the specific conditions of the project, but it should not be lower than 0.70 MPa. The maximum range of the vacuum gauge should be -0.10 MPa;
3. The diameter of the pressure gauge should not be less than 100mm. Pipes with a diameter of not less than 6mm should be connected to the fire pump inlet and outlet pipes, and shut-off valves should be provided.
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