Manganese ore beneficiation flotation process and processing technology, manganese ore beneficiation methods, China's manganese ore beneficiation technology most of which are low grade ore, beneficiation processing must be carried out. But because the majority of manganese ore is a fine-grained or micro-fine disseminated, and a considerable number of high-phosphorus ore, high iron ore and total (with) students useful metal, and therefore of great difficulty to the mineral processing. At present, the commonly used manganese ore beneficiation methods are mechanical selection (including washing, sieving, re-election, strong magnetic separation and flotation), as well as fire enrichment and chemical beneficiation.
1. Washing and sieving
Washing is the use of hydraulic washing or additional mechanical scrubbing to separate the ore from the mud. Commonly used equipment includes washing sieves, cylinder washing machines and tank washing machines.
The washing operation is often accompanied by sieving, such as direct flushing on the vibrating screen or sifting the ore (net ore) obtained by the washing machine to the vibrating screen. Screening can be used as an independent operation to separate products of different sizes and grades for different purposes.
At present, re-election is only used to select manganese ore with simple structure and coarse grain size, which is especially suitable for manganese oxide ore with high density. Common methods include heavy medium dressing, jigging and shaker dressing.
At present, the process of treating manganese oxide ore in China is generally to crush the ore to 6~0mm or 10~0mm, then group, coarse-grade jigging, and fine-level shaker selection. Most of the equipment is a Haz-type reciprocating jig and a 6-S shaker.
3. Strong magnetic selection
Manganese mineral is a weak magnetic mineral [specifical magnetization coefficient X=10Ã—10-6ï½ž600Ã—10-6cm3/g], and it can be used in a strong magnetic field magnetic separator with magnetic field strength Ho=800ï½ž1600kA/m (10000ï½ž20000oe). When recovered, it can generally increase the manganese grade by 4% to 10%.
Due to the simple operation, easy control and strong adaptability of magnetic separation, it can be used for various manganese ore sorting. In recent years, it has dominated manganese ore dressing. Various new types of coarse, medium and fine grain magnetic machines have been successfully developed. At present, the most common application of manganese ore in China is the medium-grain strong magnetic separator. The coarse-grained and fine-grained magnetic separators are gradually being applied. The micro-grain-strong magnetic separator is still in the experimental stage.
4. Heavy-magnetic separation
At present, the heavy-magnetic separation plants that have been newly built and reconstructed in China include Fujian Liancheng, Guangxi Longtou, Jingxi and Xialei. For example, Liancheng Manganese Mine Heavy-Magnetic Separation Plant mainly treats leaching manganese oxide ore, and uses AM-30 jig to treat 30~3mm washed ore, which can obtain high-quality manganese concentrate containing more than 40% manganese. After the removal of impurities, it can be used as a raw material for battery manganese powder. After jigging tailings and less than 3mm washing ore grinding to less than 1m, the selection of manganese ore concentrate should be increased by 24% to 25%, reaching 36% to 40%.
5. Strong magnetic - flotation
At present, only the Zunyi manganese ore is used in the strong magnetic-flotation process. The mine is a low-manganese, low-phosphorus, high-iron manganese ore mainly composed of manganese carbonate ore.
According to industrial tests, the grinding process uses rod mill-ball milling stage grinding, and the equipment scale is Ï†2100mmÃ—3000mm wet grinding machine. The strong magnetic selection adopts the shp-2000 type strong magnetic machine, and the flotation machine mainly uses the CHF type inflatable flotation machine. After years of production test, the performance is good, it is very suitable for Zunyi manganese ore dressing application. The strong magnetic-flotation process has been successfully tested and applied in production, which indicates that the deep selection of manganese ore in China has taken a big step forward.
6. Fire law enrichment
The enrichment of manganese ore is a sorting method for the treatment of high-phosphorus and high-iron difficult-to-select manganese-poor ore. It is generally called manganese-rich slag method. The essence is a high-temperature sorting method for selectively separating manganese, phosphorus and iron by controlling the temperature of manganese, phosphorus and iron in different temperatures in a blast furnace or an electric furnace.
China has been using fire law for nearly 40 years. In 1959, Hunan Shaoyang Zijiang Iron Works was tested on a 9.4m3 small blast furnace and obtained preliminary results. Subsequently, in 1962, Shanghai Ferroalloy Plant and Shijingshan Iron and Steel Plant smelted manganese-rich slag in the blast furnace. In 1975, Hunan Agateshan manganese ore blast furnace not only produced manganese-rich slag, but also recovered lead , silver and pig iron (commonly known as semi-steel) at the bottom of the furnace, providing a basis for comprehensive utilization. After entering the 1980s, the production of manganese-rich slag has developed rapidly. The production of manganese-rich slag has been developed in Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Liaoning, and Jilin.
The enrichment process of the fire method is simple, the production is stable, and the iron and phosphorus in the ore can be effectively separated to obtain manganese-rich, low-iron, low-phosphorus manganese-rich slag, and the manganese-rich slag generally contains Mn 35% to 45%. Mn/Fe?12ï½ž38, P/Mn<0.002, is a high-quality manganese-based alloy raw material, and it is also an artificial rich ore that is difficult to achieve the above three indexes at the same time. Therefore, the enrichment of fire method is a promising method for mineral processing in China for high-phosphorus high-iron and low-manganese refractory ore.
7. Chemical manganese selection
There are many chemical beneficiations of manganese. A lot of research work has been carried out in China, among which there are many experiments, and the development prospects are: dithionate method, manganese ore method and bacterial immersion method. It has not yet been put into industrial production.
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